Assos is an ancient city located on the opposite side of Edremit Bay and Lesbos (Midilli) Island, on the foot of an archaic volcano, standing on andesite rocks.It is occupying such a position that Aegean Sea and Lesbos Island is on the South, Troia is on North, Lekton (Babakale) town is on the West and Mount Ida is on the East, while Pergamon (Bergama) is located on the southeast side of it.
The importance of the city comes from being close to those location which also has contributed the social, cultural and economic life especially on the ancient years.
Assos (as known as Άσσος in Greek and Behramkale currently), has been ruled by the Greek, the Macedonian and the Persian before it is abandoned in the Middle Age.
It is such a magical place formed by the amazing nature and the history and considered as the migration destination for those emmigrated from Greek Islands since the 1st century.
The Temple of Athena at Assos dates back to 6th century BCE. This ancient Doric tample is restorated to preserve its old magnificiency It is also one of the leading temples built in Doric style.
The view of the temple is also very popular for tourist. Many people come here to watch the moonlight shining on the remains. Everyone is amazed with the view of Edremit Bay when the Sun rises on the city at dawn. You can see the Agoras, a theatre and a gynasium toward the sea.
In the northern corner of the acropolis, at the exit of the archaeological site, there is a mosque built in the 14th century during the reign of Ottoman Sultan Murat I. There is a bridge and a castle inside your observation area. There is a small and cute harbor at the bottom of the ruins.
When it was active, Assos became rich thanks to the passing ships as it had the only large port in its region. The city also has a large amphitheater.
One of the greatest philosophers of all time, Aristotle spent a period of his life here. He founded and operated a school of philosophy between 347 and 344 BC. His aim was to realize the ideal form of state that Plato (Plato) mentioned in his famous work State (Republic). For this purpose, he came from Athens and came here.
First, the Lesbos settle in Assos, then the Persians conquered Assos and the city, after the plundering, Alexander fought with the Persians and captured the city, and the Romans and Byzantines reign respectively in this city and finally in 1330 this historical city came under Ottoman rule.
Assos was visited by St. Paul during the Roman period and the city is still considered as sacred by Christians for this reason.